Team Identity

Code numbers are assigned to enhance impartiality. Do not tell the judge what school you attend. If you know the judge, please ask for another judge.

Duties of the Speakers

The affirmative must uphold the resolution. The negative must oppose the affirmative either by defending the present system or presenting an alternative to the resolution (known as counterplan)

Speech Times

Time is limited. Overtime speaking will be disregarded. Speeches occur in the following order:

Speech Description Time
First Aff. Constructive Eight minutes
Cross-Ex. by a Neg. speaker Three minutes
First Neg. Constructive Eight minutes
Cross-Ex. by an Aff. speaker Three minutes
Second Aff. Constructive Eight minutes
Cross-Ex. by the other Neg. speaker Three minutes
Second Neg Constructive Eight minutes
Cross-Ex. by the other Aff. speaker Three minutes
First Neg. Rebuttal Five minutes
First Aff. Rebuttal Five minutes
Second Neg. Rebuttal Five minutes
Second Aff. Rebuttal Five minutes

Preparation Time

Each team has eight minutes of prep time which may be used before speeches, but not before cross-ex. Cross-ex may not be waived and used as prep time. It should be called out at one-minute intervals by the timekeeper.

Oral Prompting

Oral prompting by the speaker's partner is prohibited. This is in effect during speeches and during cross-ex. No oral time signals may be given by contestants. Prompting will be penalized by the loss of the debate by the offending team. However, if evidence is requested during cross-ex, the seated partner may assist in finding it.


All arguments a team intends to use must be raised during constructive. Rebuttals are used to expand and extend issuse which the speaker has already raised. No new arguments may be introduced in rebuttals except during the first affirmative rebuttal when responses to second negative constructive arguments are permitted. Any new arguments should be disregarded. New evidence and analyses are allowed in rebuttals as long as they are being used to support previously advanced arguments or positions.


Should a serious challenge to the legality of the evidence used in the round be issued during the debate, the judges will allow the round to finish and return to the judges' room for further direction. Judges may only request evidence from debaters when its legality has been questioned. They may not call in evidence to reread it. During cross-ex, the questioner may request to see evidence read by their opponents. All evidence must be returned to the team which owns it at the end of cross-ex.

Full Citations

The first time evidence is read in a round, the debater must read the full citations of that piece of evidence. This includes author, full source title, date, and page number. If that evidence is cited a second time, citations are not necessary. Failure to read full citations will void the impact of the evidence in that debate.

Note Taking

Judges are encouraged to take notes. Observers may not flow or take notes of the debate.

Making a Decision

Judges will probably use one of these two popular models for judging :

Stock Issues Judging Criterion

This criterion claims five voting issues:

Topicality:Does the affirmative plan reasonably adhere to the limitations of the resolution?
Significance:Is there justification to change from the present system?
Inherency: Is there a clear barrier that prevents the present system from solving the problems indicated by the affirmative side?
Solvency:Can the proposed plan solve the problem better than the present system?
Disadvantages:Do the advantages claimed by the affirmative outweigh the disadvantages claimed by the negative?

Policy Maker Judging Criterion

This criterion claims the winning team is the one that presents the superior policy option

The affirmative should win the round if its policy option meets the resolution and gains advantages that outweigh the disadvantages presented by the negative.
The negative team wins the round if it proves the affirmative team's plan is not topical or the disadvantages outweigh the advantages.

Remember- if time cuts off in the middle of a sentence, finish it. Don't stop halfway through.

LD Debate Rules  Team Debate Rules CSU Fullerton Tournament Pictures Tournament Schedule 
LD Debate Resolution Team Debate Resolution Types of Speech and Debate Events Members of the Team 
Judging Instructions for LD Debate Judging Instructions for Team Debate Judging Instructions for Speech
Code of Ethics for San Diego and Imperial Valley Speech League Jack Nolan Invit. Instructions